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Oct 23

The Madden Branch Massacre

Blue Ridge Scenic Railroad

This historical marker was erected in McCaysville, Georgia, in 2011 as part of the 150 commemoration of the Civil War. The marker reads

The Madden Branch Massacre:
Anti-Confederate activity in North Georgia

North of here on Madison branch in Polk County, Tennessee, on November 29, 1864, during the American Civil War, six Georgians trying to enlist in the U.S. Army—Thomas Bell, Harvey Brewster, James T. Hughes, James B. Nelson, Elijah Robinson, Peter Parrish, and Wyatt J. Parton—were executed by the notorious Confederate guerrilla John P. Gatewood, “the long-haired, red-bearded beast from Georgia.” The Madden Branch Massacre was one of several atrocities that occurred as the mountain counties divided into pro and anti-Confederate factions. Many Georgians resented the Confederacy’s strong central government’s measures such as conscription, impressment, and taxation and resisted by enlisting in the 5th Tennessee Mounted Infantry (U.S.) the 1st Georgia State Troops Volunteers (U.S.), or Forming their own guerrilla units.

© 2014 Linda Woodward Geiger

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