May 23

Military Monday: John T. Chapman

While studying the soldiers of Pickens County Georgia during the “Late Unpleasantness,” I’m finding that it is not unusual for men from Pickens County and other North Georgia counties to have served at some time with Union Troops. Several enlisted with the federal troops in the 1st Georgia while others first in Confederate units and later (frequently late 1864) journeying up to Cleveland, Tennessee, to join with Union troops. Several enlisted with the 5th Tennessee Mounted Infantry.

John T. Chapman enlisted 17 December 1864 in Cleveland, Tennessee, with the 5th Tennessee Mounted Regiment. Chapman was mustered into Company K as a private on the 22nd of December 1864.

John T. Chapman applied for a federal pension, but the papers indicate that the Adjutant General, U.S. Army recorded that he had a charge of desertion pending.  However, Chapman counteracted the charges by claiming  (in an affidavit dated 14 March 1883) that he had received two separate wounds from balls— one in his left shoulder and the other in his right leg— on or about the 28th of March, 1865, during an “engagement with the enemy some 10 miles west of Ellijay, Gilmer County,” Georgia. Chapman further indicated that after his wounds he had been concealed in a private home and that he was not treated by any physician or treated in any hospital. In that same affidavit Chapman claimed that prior to his enlistment with the 5th Tennessee Mounted in December 1864, he had seen Confederate service in the fall of 1863 I Capt. Loveless’ Company, Philips Battalion, State Troops.[1]

Following the war John T. Chapman and his family moved relatively frequently. In 1870 the family was residing in Shake Rag, Cherokee County, Georgia. The family consisted of John, age  24, with Malinda C. [later census records indicates that Malinda C. Chapman was John’s wife] and two children: Mary C, and James Chapman.[2]

1880 residing in Jerusalem, Pickens County, Georgia, with his wife, Malinda, and five children: James M., Lisa V., Martha J., Malinda A., and Victory O. Chapman. His mother, Mary Chapman, age 54 was also residing with the family.[3]

20 June 1900 residing in Cassville, Bartow County. He was born May 1846 in Georgia, and his wife, Malinda was born July 1844.[4]

[1] Federal Pension Application of John T. Chapman, file #482462,; National Archives at Washington.

[2] 1870 U.S. Census, Cherokee County, Georgia, page 206A, dwelling 343, family 343; National Archives micropublication M593, reel 143.

[3] 1880 U.S. Census, Pickens County, Georgia, page 521A, Enumeration District 163, sheet 14, dwelling 122, family 122; National Archives micropublication T9, reel 161.

[4] 1900 U.S. Census, Bartow County, Georgia, page 229A, Enumeration District 7, sheet 18, dwelling 339, family 345; National Archives micropublication T623, reel 179.

© Linda Woodward Geiger. All Rights Reserved.

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