Apr 25

The End

During the past twenty-five years or so I did extensive historical research on Georgia families having either European or Cherokee (or both) heritage.

As we continue on our journey through life, at some point out energies and interests change. With that being said it is time for me to retire as a professional genealogist on June 31, 2015. I will continue to work on my personal family heritage, but that is based in New England and the United Kingdom.

Regretfully, I will no longer support this blog on North Georgia and her families. As long as I continue, to function, however, the archived posts will be available.

It has been a great journey!


Oct 23

The Madden Branch Massacre

Blue Ridge Scenic Railroad

This historical marker was erected in McCaysville, Georgia, in 2011 as part of the 150 commemoration of the Civil War. The marker reads

The Madden Branch Massacre:
Anti-Confederate activity in North Georgia

North of here on Madison branch in Polk County, Tennessee, on November 29, 1864, during the American Civil War, six Georgians trying to enlist in the U.S. Army—Thomas Bell, Harvey Brewster, James T. Hughes, James B. Nelson, Elijah Robinson, Peter Parrish, and Wyatt J. Parton—were executed by the notorious Confederate guerrilla John P. Gatewood, “the long-haired, red-bearded beast from Georgia.” The Madden Branch Massacre was one of several atrocities that occurred as the mountain counties divided into pro and anti-Confederate factions. Many Georgians resented the Confederacy’s strong central government’s measures such as conscription, impressment, and taxation and resisted by enlisting in the 5th Tennessee Mounted Infantry (U.S.) the 1st Georgia State Troops Volunteers (U.S.), or Forming their own guerrilla units.

© 2014 Linda Woodward Geiger

Oct 23

John Ross House, Rossville, Georgia

According to a dendrochronlogy study conducted for the Georgia Chapter of the Trail of Tears Association by Dr. DeWeese, the John Ross House in Rossville, Georgia was in all likelihood constructed in 1816. A stop at the home on Monday, July 8th, was part of the field trip of the Trail of Tears National Historic Trail Preservation Workshop.

The house has been moved from its original location following the construction of several commercial buildings on the land next to the home.

The following are a couple of shots I took that are associated with the home.

Historical marker interpreting the John Ross house.

Historical Marker

John Ross House

Two Story Double Log Pen

Current site of the John Ross House

Stone Wall behind the House

One of the log pens

Feb 25

George Disney’s Grave


High up on Roky Face. S. of gap. is the lone grave of English-born George Disney. Co. K., 4th Ky. Inft., Lewis’ “Orphan Brigade”. Bate’s div., Hindman’s Corps [C.S.A].

The 4th Ky. was deployed to form a living telegraph line from base to summit of the ridge at the point where the view commanded Federal movements in open valley N.W. Disney, atop the ridge, was killed by a random bullet, Feb. 25, 1864; he was buried where he fell.

Dalton Boy Scouts, on a hike, found the grave, & directed by Scout Master Wm. M. Sapp, Sr., replaced the inscribed heart – pine board with a marble marker, May 13, 1912.

GHM 155-16, 1954
Located on US 41 about 1/2 mile north of Tibbs Road, Whitfield County
Photographed by Linda Woodward Geiger

Note: The next GHM (chronologically speaking) for activity in 1964 does not occur until May. These blog posts will resume on May 2nd, 2014.


Feb 25

Mill Creek Gap

GHM 155-13

Otherwise known as Buzzard Roost. This natural gateway through Rocky Face Ridge was heavily fortified by Confederate forces at Dalton, after their retreat from Missionary Ridge.

February 25, 1864, the Federal 14th A.C., Dept. of the Cumberland, moving by Tunnel Hill, attempted to seize the gap, but were driven back y Stewart’s & Breckinridge’s divs. At the same time, the gap was assailed from Crow Valley, E. of Rocky Face, by Cruft’s & Baird’s divs. which were repulsed by Hindman’s A.C.

These Federal moves were prompted by rumors that Johnston’s command had reinforced Polk facing Sherman’s forces at Meridian, Miss.

GHM 155-013, 1987
Location: Old US 41 (gravel road off Tibbs Road), Whitfield County
Photographed by Linda Woodward Geiger

Feb 25

Crow Valley



Feb. 25, 1864. Federal forces moved S. on this rd. in an attempt to outflank the Confederate defenders at Mill Creek Capt, which was being threatened by 2 Fed. divs. from the W. These movements were to test the strength of Johnston’s army at Dalton, said to have been depleted by a shift of Hardee’s A.C. to Mississippi. All Federal attacks failed.

Troops in this area were Cruft’s div., 4th A.C., Baird’s div., 14th A.C., & Long’s cavaltry.

5 landmarks of the Feb. operations in Crow Valley, still survive: the Crow house, opp. this marker; the Davis house 500 ft. n., the Burke house, spring & log barn, 2 mi. N.E.

GHM155-21, 1954
Location: Intersection of Reed Pond Road and Crow Valley Road, Whitfield County
Photographed 6/16/1994 by Linda Woodward Geiger

Feb 24

Military Operations in Crow Valley


There were 2 demonstrations by Federal forces on Dalton, in 1864: Feb 24-26; May 7-12. On these over-lapping fields of operations, the Burke house & spring were noted landmarks.

Feb. 25, Cruft’s & Baird’s divs. (rth & 14th A.C.), via the low ridge W., moved to outflank the Confederates at Mil Creek Gap, but were forced back. May 9, 2 divs., Schofield’s 23d A.C., were halted at S. end of ridge, by Stevenson’s div., Hood’s A.C., & the artillery at Potato Hill.

The log barn at the Burke house was used as a hospital by Surg. S.C. Menzies, Med. Director, Cruft’s div., 4th A.C.,Feb. 25.

GHM #155-23, 1954.
Located: Reed Road, Whitfield County
Photographed 6/16/1994 by Linda Woodward Geiger.

Feb 24

Georgia Historical Markers: An Introduction

During the 1950s the state of Georgia established a Historic Commission. One of their tasks was to  research, prepare text, and designate site locations for historical markers that would be erected throughout Georgia’s highways and byways. During the 1950s and 1960s, the Commission erected markers relating to county seats, early highways, historic home, the Revolutionary War, and the Civil War (to name but a few). Many of the records of the Historic Commission can be located at the Georgia Archives in Morrow, Georgia, Record Group 61.

Later the Georgia Department of Natural Resources over-saw the historical marker program and today new markers are the responsibility of the Georgia Historical Society.

Because of my late husband’s keen interest in the Civil War, he and I set spent many days traveling thousands of miles within the state of Georgia. Our mission was to locate as many of the markers that were erected to commemorate the military actives in Georgia during the Civil War (including cemeteries, forts, arsenals, roads, forts and entrenchments). During out quest we located and photographed over a thousand Georgia Historical Markers.

The Atlanta Campaign portion of the Civil War occurred in 1864. Here were are 150 years later and I’d like to share some that that history as represented on the historical markers with you. I would be remiss if I did not tell my readers that the markers were not always accurate. However, I’m posting photographs and transcribing the text in the exact words that appear on the markers. I will not correct or point out errors.

Using this blog as a vehicle, I plan to provide a chronology of Sherman’s Atlanta Campaign.

© Linda Woodward Geiger. All Rights Reserved.

Oct 15

Tombstone Tuesday: Marker of Charles Dillard Mullinax & Martha Taylor


The cemetery plot in which Charles Dillard Mullinax and his wife Martha Taylor are buried contains an interesting and informative cement slab—the names with relationships of many of the Mullinax kin:

Charles Dillard Mullinax

Father’s side

Father: Marion Mullinax

Grandparents: D.W. Mullinax and Minerva Caylor

Great Grandparents: Frank Mullinax & Cynthia Childers

Great Great Grandparents: David Caylor and Pamela Craig

Mother’s side

Mother: Webbie Mullins

Grandparents: Charlie Mullins & Lou Harris

Great Grandparents: Webb Mullins & Elizabeth Dunigan

Great Great Grandparents: Jim Harris & Cordelia Moss

Great Uncles & Aunts

Luck Mullins, Jane Mullins, Skid Harris, Pluma Harris, Ben Mullinax, Bob Mullinax, Jim Mullinax, France & Matt Mullinax, Wesley Caylor, Mandy Fountain, Sarah Fowler, and Cordelia Ingram

Uncles & Aunts – Father’s Side By Age

Hiram Mullinax

Catherine Thomason

Luther Mullinax

Amanda Smith

Ella Smith

Vista Sweney

Julia Ingram

Uncles & Aunts – Mother’s Side By Age

Effie Poole

Alama Mullinax

Webbie Mullinax

Enos Mullins

Eunice Caylor

Brothers and Sisters by Age

Dillard & Seaborn

Grace Taylor

Elsie Eaton

Ruthelle Wooten

Bertha Mullinax

D.W. & Delmar

Children by Age

Shirley Fowler – Johnny Mullinax

Judy Mullinax – Karen Cantrell

Grand Children by Age

Jennifer & Mellisa Mullinax

Amanda Cantrell

Great Grand Children by Age

Amberly & Joshua Richards

Martha Mullinax

Father: Charlie Taylor

Mother: Roxie McMillen

Brothers and Sisters By Age

Clayton Taylor

Robert Taylor

Martha Mullinax

Bertie Daley

Charles and Martha Mullinax (married 16 February 1946 in Mobile Alabama) are buried at Pleasant Hill Baptist Church in Pickens County, Georgia.

The plot and markers were viewed and photographed by the author on 6 May 2002.

Linda Woodward Geiger. All rights reserved.

Oct 04

Nuisance Wildlife in These Mountains

The North Georgia Mountains seem to be having an increasing problem with co-habitation of humans and wildlife. It seems to me that many of the humans in my community are imbecilic. It doesn’t take a genius to realize that wildlife is frequently attracted to human garbage.

Black BearMy home is in the North Georgia Mountains in the eastern section of Pickens County near the Dawson County line. Several mornings during the last month, bears as well as raccoons have ransacked trashcans. It has been reported that the substantial trashcan outside the entrance to the fitness center weights about 200 pounds yet it has been knocked over and its contents examined for food. Some of our residents dispose of their beverage containers and food waste in public trashcans outside of the mail facility, fitness center, etc., instead of disposing of it with their other household trash. If we can’t train the residents, then the community leaders should eliminate the trashcans.

Feral PigOur community has, also seen an influx of the feral hogs recently. Various traps have been set to help coral them and remove them from the community. These menacing tusked intruders can be grow to be as large as 400 pounds and have large litters of piglets. A recent notice was sent out indicating that images of some residents visiting the trapping area have been captured on camera. Come-on folks! You are jeopardizing the capture process and are also putting yourselves in danger.

A news report within the last week also indicates that the feral pigs have been seen in some of the Atlanta suburbs and not just the North Georgia Mountains.

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